One of Bali Aga villages in Bali, Tenganan Village
Tenganan is a traditional village in Bali. The village located in Manggis, Karangasem Regency on the East side of Bali island. It will take about one and half hours to get there. Tenganan village is one of the three Bali Aga villages, beside Trunyan village and Sembiran village. Bali Aga is a village that still maintain their traditional culture, the governance refers to the traditional rules from their ancestors. Such as the building, the replacement of the building, the location of the temple was made by following the traditional rules.
|Desa Adat Tenganan|
Source : http://log.viva.co.id/news/read/524844-desa-adat-tenganan
The History of Tenganan Village
According to some version of history, word “Tenganan” come from word “ngatengahang” which mean “moving into the deeper place”. That word means the movement of the villagers from coastal area to the residential area in the middle of the hills, named Bukit Kauh (West Hill) and Bukit Kangin (East Hill). Another history said that the Tenganan people came from Peneges Village, Gianyar, that formerly named Bedahulu. The king of Bedahulu lost one of his horses and his soldier looked for it to the East. But the horse was found dead by Ki Patih Tunjung Biru, the King’s confidant. Because of his loyalty, Ki Patih Tunjung Biru obtain the authority to regukate an area that has a bad smell because of the dead horse. Ki Patih got a quite large area he cut the dead horse and threw it as far as he could do. And that area is the origin of Tenganan Village area.
The Unique Things that You Could Find in Tenganan Village :
The Marriage System
Instead of an object tourism, Tenganan Village has many interesting uniqueness to see and be understood. From the social system in Tenganan Village, the villagers is purely a native villager. That is because of the marriage system. It is the parental system which is the women and men in the family, have same degree and the same right in the family. It is different from the other villages in Bali. Meanwhile, they also implemented the endogamy system. It means all of the villagers should obey the awig-awig (rules), that they have to get married with the other villagers from the Tenganan Village, and when they violated the rules, they have to get out from the Tenganan Village.
Another interesting yet unique thing is Mekare-kare Tradition of mostly known as Perang Pandan. Mekare-kare is the big part of procession called Ngusaba Sambah that held every June and lasts for 30 days. Every one month, Mekare-kare held for 2-4 times and they had to make offerings for their ancestors. Mekare-kare or Perang Pandan tradition held just for the men. Perang means war and Pandan means pandan leaves. The men used the pandan leaves that already cut about 30 cm as a weapon and a shield to deflect the attack from the rival and from the sharp thorn of the pandan leaves. The wounds that caused by the thorn would heal by the traditional medicine that made from turmeric, galangal, and other herbs.
Double Ikat Gringsing
There is one unique thing that only exist in Tenganan Village, and the only one in Indonesia. It is Double Ikat Gringsing. “Gringsing” derived from word “gering” that means disaster, and “sing” means not. So Gringsing means a thing to avoid disaster. The process in making Gringsing is really unique because it takes quite long time to make it (until three years). That is why Gringsing is a rare thing, difficult to find and also it is pretty expensive. Gringsing is a must have thing for the villagers in Tenganan Village because it is a part of every tradition, such as Ngaben and Potong Gigi. Many people said that Gringsing made from human blood and that is the reason why red dominating the colour of Gringsing. But the fact is it made from the juices of certain wood and hazelnut seeds that are mixed to dye the Gringsing.
The people in Tenganan Village hold the concept of Tri Hita Karana (the concept of teaching in Hindu) and apply this in their daily life. Tri means three and Hita Karana means cause happiness to achieve balance and harmony. Tri Hita Karana consist of Parahyangan (a balance relationship between human and God), Pawongan (harmonious relationship among human), and Palemahan (harmonious relationship between human and nature).