Galungan Tradition in Bali
The day of Galungan, celebrated by Hindu in every 210 days, using the calculation of the Balinese calendar in Buddha Kliwon Dungulan (Rabu Kliwon wuku Dungulan) as the day of victory of Dharma (righteousness) against Adharma (evil).
Saniscara (Saturday) Kliwon wuku Wariga is called Tumpek Wariga or Tumpek Bubuh or Tumpek Pengatag or Tumpek Pengarah in 25 days before Galungan. In Tumpek Wariga, Ista Dewata who we worshipped called Sang Hyang Sangkara as the God of prosperity and safety of herbs. People will celebrate it with giving some offerings ….in many colors, such as:
Bubuh Putih (white) for tubers
Bubuh Bang (red) for fields
Bubuh Gadang (green) for trees breeds generative
Bubuh Kuning (yellow) for trees breeds vegetative
In Tumpek Wariga, people will spread the holy water (tirta) to all of the trees that got from temple and also with the offerings. Once that is done, then the owner of the tree will read some mantras for the tree hoping that they will grow big and give many fruits.
See Also : Tradition In Bali, Nyepi
Sugihan Jawa comes from two word, Sugi and Jawa. Sugi means clean or holy and Jawa means outside. So, the meaning of Sugihan Jawa is a day to clean everything outside your body or in Hindu we call it Bhuana Agung. In this day, people in Bali will do a celebration called Mererebu or Mererebon. This celebration held to neutralize every negative thing outside our body symbolized by cleaning our family temple and our home. About the offering, people will give some offerings according to their ability. Usually, in the temple area, people would make Grilled Pork. After the ceremony finished, the grilled pork will be distributed to all of the villager. Sugihan Jawa celebrated every Thursday Wage wuku Sungsang.
Sugihan Bali means that the purification or cleaning inside your body or Hindu call it Bhuana Alit. The procedure of the celebration is bathing, clean your physical body, and beg for Tirta Gocara (holy water) to the Sulinggih as a cleansing symbolic of the soul to welcome the big day, Galungan. Sugihan Bali celebrated every Friday Kliwon wuku Sungsang.
Penyekeban day means to keep our five sense or in Hindu we call it “nyekeb indriya”. Do not do things that are not allowed by religion. The Penyekeban day celebrated every Sunday Pahing wuku Dungulan.
Penyajahan comes from word Saja that in Balinese means true and serious. Penyajahan day has a philosophy to solidify yourself in order to celebrate Galungan. According to our belief, on this day, people will be seduced by the Sang Bhuta Dungulan to test the extent of your self-control to step closer towards the Galungan day. This day celebrated every Monday Pon wuku Dungulan.
The day before the big day, Galungan, in Tuesday Wage wuku Dungulan, we celebrate Penampahan day. On this day, Hindu people will be busy making all the stuff that will be needed on the next day. The man will make penjor and lawar. Penjor is a thing that made from bamboo and we will decorate it with fruits and Balinese snacks according to the rules. It is a symbolized of a dragon upside down. It made as an expression of gratitude to the God Almighty for all the grace. Not only Penjor, we will also make Lawar. Lawar is made from pork that with the traditional Balinese seasoning called “base genep”. Before we could make lawar, of course we have to kill the pig first and that is a symbolic to kill all of your animalistic lust inside your body or your soul. Hindu in Bali believe that on the day of Penampahan, our ancestors would come to our house, that is why we have to make a special offering consist of rice, side dishes, dessert, fruit, coffe, water, lekesan (it is a betel leaf with areca nut inside) or smoke. We will also make all of the offerings that we will bring to the temple in our village for the next day.
In the morning, people will start this big day from praying at home and also the temple on the home area. The most famous tradition that we will find is there will be many Hindu people come to their village for praying especially people who work outside their village or even abroad. For people who have family members who are still buried, then they have to bring a special offering to the graveyard. There will be many celebration in every village in Bali. you will see many canangs, fruits, and people gathered on the one place. We will walk from temple to temple and on the edge of the road will be decorated with the beautiful penjor. It is such a really great time with a family atmosphere spread along.
On Umanis Galungan, we will pray again at home and continued with visiting our relatives or recreation area. We will be gathered in our old house with the big family. We will talk to each other or we will go to the recreation place and you have to be aware that all the recreation place in Bali will be crowded in this day.
That is what Hindu people do to celebrate Galungan day from the beginning until the end. One thing that I have to emphasize is every village in Bali has their own way to celebrate this big day according to their own belief. Well, you will find many unique ceremony in each village not only in Galungan. That is why you have to visit Bali!