Friday, March 31, 2017

Galungan Tradition in Bali

The day of Galungan, celebrated by Hindu in every 210 days, using the calculation of the Balinese calendar in Buddha Kliwon Dungulan (Rabu Kliwon wuku Dungulan) as the day of victory of Dharma (righteousness) against Adharma (evil). 

Hindu's pray for galungan day
The Series of the Galungan


Tumpek Wariga


Saniscara (Saturday) Kliwon wuku Wariga is called Tumpek Wariga or Tumpek Bubuh or Tumpek Pengatag or Tumpek Pengarah in 25 days before Galungan. In Tumpek Wariga, Ista Dewata who we worshipped called Sang Hyang Sangkara as the God of prosperity and safety of herbs. People will celebrate it with giving some offerings ….in many colors, such as:

Bubuh Putih (white) for tubers

Bubuh Bang (red) for fields

Bubuh Gadang (green) for trees breeds generative

Bubuh Kuning (yellow) for trees breeds vegetative


In Tumpek Wariga, people will spread the holy water (tirta) to all of the trees that got from temple and also with the offerings. Once that is done, then the owner of the tree will read some mantras for the tree hoping that they will grow big and give many fruits. 

See Also : Tradition In Bali, Nyepi

Sugihan Jawa


Sugihan Jawa comes from two word, Sugi and Jawa. Sugi means clean or holy and Jawa means outside. So, the meaning of Sugihan Jawa is a day to clean everything outside your body or in Hindu we call it Bhuana Agung. In this day, people in Bali will do a celebration called Mererebu or Mererebon. This celebration held to neutralize every negative thing outside our body symbolized by cleaning our family temple and our home. About the offering, people will give some offerings according to their ability. Usually, in the temple area, people would make Grilled Pork. After the ceremony finished, the grilled pork will be distributed to all of the villager. Sugihan Jawa celebrated every Thursday Wage wuku Sungsang. 

Sugihan Bali


Sugihan Bali means that the purification or cleaning inside your body or Hindu call it Bhuana Alit. The procedure of the celebration is bathing, clean your physical body, and beg for Tirta Gocara (holy water) to the Sulinggih as a cleansing symbolic of the soul to welcome the big day, Galungan. Sugihan Bali celebrated every Friday Kliwon wuku Sungsang. 

Penyekeban Day


Penyekeban day means to keep our five sense or in Hindu we call it “nyekeb indriya”. Do not do things that are not allowed by religion. The Penyekeban day celebrated every Sunday Pahing wuku Dungulan.

Penyajahan Day


Penyajahan comes from word Saja that in Balinese means true and serious. Penyajahan day has a philosophy to solidify yourself in order to celebrate Galungan. According to our belief, on this day, people will be seduced by the Sang Bhuta Dungulan to test the extent of your self-control to step closer towards the Galungan day. This day celebrated every Monday Pon wuku Dungulan. 

Penampahan Day


The day before the big day, Galungan, in Tuesday Wage wuku Dungulan, we celebrate Penampahan day. On this day, Hindu people will be busy making all the stuff that will be needed on the next day. The man will make penjor and lawar. Penjor is a thing that made from bamboo and we will decorate it with fruits and Balinese snacks according to the rules. It is a symbolized of a dragon upside down. It made as an expression of gratitude to the God Almighty for all the grace. Not only Penjor, we will also make Lawar. Lawar is made from pork that with the traditional Balinese seasoning called “base genep”. Before we could make lawar, of course we have to kill the pig first and that is a symbolic to kill all of your animalistic lust inside your body or your soul. Hindu in Bali believe that on the day of Penampahan, our ancestors would come to our house, that is why we have to make a special offering consist of rice, side dishes, dessert, fruit, coffe, water, lekesan (it is a betel leaf with areca nut inside) or smoke. We will also make all of the offerings that we will bring to the temple in our village for the next day.

Galungan Day


In the morning, people will start this big day from praying at home and also the temple on the home area. The most famous tradition that we will find is there will be many Hindu people come to their village for praying especially people who work outside their village or even abroad. For people who have family members who are still buried, then they have to bring a special offering to the graveyard. There will be many celebration in every village in Bali. you will see many canangs, fruits, and people gathered on the one place. We will walk from temple to temple and on the edge of the road will be decorated with the beautiful penjor. It is such a really great time with a family atmosphere spread along. 

Umanis Galungan


On Umanis Galungan, we will pray again at home and continued with visiting our relatives or recreation area. We will be gathered in our old house with the big family. We will talk to each other or we will go to the recreation place and you have to be aware that all the recreation place in Bali will be crowded in this day. 

That is what Hindu people do to celebrate Galungan day from the beginning until the end. One thing that I have to emphasize is every village in Bali has their own way to celebrate this big day according to their own belief. Well, you will find many unique ceremony in each village not only in Galungan. That is why you have to visit Bali!

Wednesday, March 22, 2017

Tradition in Bali, Nyepi.

Nyepi is a holy day for Hindu people in Bali, celebrated every new year of Saka. It is celebrated on Tilem Kesanga which is believed to be the day of purification of the god which is located in the center of the ocean that brings the essence of eternity living water. 

Nyepi is derived from the word silent. Nyepi actually is the Hindu New Year Celebration based on calendar Caka which is started from 78 Masehi. Caka New Year in Bali begin with meditating. There is no activity as usual. All activities are halted, including public services such as any international airport will close but not the hospital. 

Ogoh-ogoh
The main purpose of Nyepi tradition is begging to the God, to purify Bhuana Alit (the human) and Bhuana Agung (the universe). Before people in Bali celebrate Nyepi, there are several stages that they have to do. 

Melasti 


Three of two days before they celebrate Nyepi, Hindu people will do a purification with Melasti ceremony or some people call it Melis. On that day, every objects that they usually use for praying in the temple will be taken to the beach or lake because beach or lake is the source of holy water (people in Bali call it Tirta Amerta) and can purify all dirty things (people in Bali call it Leteh) inside your body and nature. 

Tawur (Pecaruan) 


The day before Nyepi, we call it “Tilem Sasih Kesanga”, Hindu people will celebrate Buta Yadnya ceremony in every level of society start from family, banjar, village, and so on by taking one type of caru (a kind of sacrificial offerings) according to their ability. There are several parts of Buta Yadnya, it called Panca Sata, Panca Sanak, and Tawur Agung (the biggest one). Tawur or Pecaruan itself is a purification of Buta Kala, all the dirty things (leteh). Caru that held in each home consisting of Nasi Panca Warna (five different color) in nine package and side dishes such as Ayam Brumbun with arak or tuak. Buta Yadnya is addressed to King of Buta, Buta Kala, and Bhatara Kala and hope they will not disturb us on the Nyepi day. 
See Also : The Unique Funeral Tradition in Bali, Trunyan Village
Not only Pecaruan, we also celebrate Pengerupukan. Hindu people will spread Nasi Tawur, go around the house with torches and mesui (it is kind of bark of a special tree), hitting any objects to make noisy sounds. The purpose of this step is to chase away Buta Kala from our home.

The Main Day, Nyepi 


The day after, it is Pinanggal Pisan, Sasih Kadasa (the first date in 10th month) came the real Nyepi day. In this day, the atmosphere become dead. There will not flurry of activity as usual. There is no one can do their activity include Ngurah Rai International Airport, hotels in Bali, Gilimanuk harbor, malls and all of them. Hindu people will do “Catur Brata” Penyepian. It consists of Amati Geni (no fire), Amati Karya (not working), Amati Lelungan (not travelling), Amati Lelanguan (not listening to any entertainment). To start the Caka new year, the base Catur Brata Penyepian is a must to be used. All we do is start from nothing, pure and clean. Everyone will learn to do Brata (curbing the lust), Yoga (linking your soul with God), Tapa (exercise endurance of suffering), and Meditation (become one to the God). All of it becomes a must for Hindu to have inner readiness to confront any challenge of life in the new year. 

The Day After Nyepi, Ngembak Geni 


The last series of Caka New Year celebration is Ngembak Geni which is fell on “Pinanggal Ping Sasih” (the second date in 10th month). On this day, Caka New Year enters the second day. Hindu people will do Dharma Shanti with their big family and neighbors, say thank you and forgive each other to begin a new year with clean mind and body. 

The History of Nyepi Day 


We all know that Hindu originated from India with the scripture Weda. In the early centuries, India and the surrounding area was always experienced social conflicts and crises. A long dispute finally finished under the Raja Kaniskha I government and inheritable to his son Caka in the first day after the dead moon, the first month. The first day in Caka new year. From that we know that this celebration because of the success of King Kaniskha I who unify the nation that had been in a conflict with the religious doctrine of mutually different. Since that, defined the existence of date of the Caka year which is also have 12 months and the first month called Caitramasa and since that the state, society and religion in India reorganized. Therefore, the celebration of Caka New Year means the day of resurrection, renewal, unity, tolerance, and peace. This success spread to Asia including Indonesia.

The Famous Tradition to Celebrate Nyepi in Bali


Ogoh-ogoh Festival

Ogoh-ogoh festival usually held the day before Nyepi, or we call it Pengerupukan. Ogoh-ogoh is a Balinese cultural artistry that depicting the character of Bhuta Kala. In Hindu Dharma, Bhuta Kala (the bad figure) is a power of the universe and the eternal time. In this case, we will see statue as the embodiment of Bhuta Kala and we call it Rakshasa. Instead of Rakhsasa, Ogoh-ogoh also describe the form of creatures that live in Mayapada, Syurga, and Neraka such as dragon, elephant, and angel. Ogoh-ogoh is the symbolic of human oversight to the power of universe and the eternal time. These powers include the power of Bhuana Agung (nature) and Bhuana Alit (human). In Tattwa or philosophy, the strength can deliver living things especially human and everything all over the world to happiness or destruction. All of this is dependent on the human intensions, as the noblest creatures of God in keeping yourself and the whole world. Local people believe that we have to do this tradition before Nyepi because we will let the bad power go around us, we will take them around our place like a festival, but after we do that, we have to burnt them out to make peace for the day after, Nyepi, and hope that they will not disturb us. Some people also believe if we did not burn them, the Ogoh-ogoh will become alive and be a destroyer for our village.

You can find Ogoh-ogoh in every village in Bali, but the big festival usually held in Denpasar, Kuta, Ubung, Padang Sambian, etc.

Omed-Omedan Festival


Bali has a unique and funny tradition called Omed-omedan. If you watch this tradition, believe me it will make you smile as wide as you can. Probably some of you have heard this tradition. Yes, you can come and see many teenagers in Bali hugging and kissing. But do not think this tradition is a bad thing, Omed-omedan is not an event with lustful. From this tradition, we can learn the meaning of togetherness and family. Omed-omedan tradition usually held the day after Nyepi, or we call it Ngembak Geni. Omed-omedan means pulling each other. You can find this tradition at Sesetan Village, Denpasar, Bali. Teenagers in age 17-30 in the village, who unmarried will participate in this event. The core of the event is hug, kiss, and pull. They will keep doing that until all of the teenager have their turn.

Omed-omedan tradition aims to strengthen the sense of Asah (equality), Asih (love each other), Asuh (nurturing), particularly in Banjar Kaja, Sesetan Village. Before the main event, they will pray together in the temple. Then, you will see attraction from Barong Bangkung, male and female. Once completed, the participant group entered the court of the temple. There are two groups in Omed-omedan, female group and male group. Their position has to be facing each other. The leader will give the sign to begin the event and they can approach each other. They will hug each other, kiss each other, and then pulling each other.

This tradition comes from the citizen of Puri Oka Kingdom that located in the South of Denpasar. The villager made a game of pulling each other. Sooner or later, the game become more interesting, so it turned into embracing each other. But, because the atmosphere become so crowded, the King of Puri Oka which was sick became angry by the noise. However, once the King came out and saw them, he recovered from his illness because of the tradition. Since that, the King ordered to do Omed-omedan tradition every year, the first fire or Ngembak Geni. The villager ever stopped doing this tradition but something strange happened. There were two pigs fighting each other in front of the temple. The villager felt scared because it cloud be a bad sign for the village. Since that, the villager keep doing Omed-omedan tradition every year until now.         

Saturday, March 11, 2017

10 Tourism Objects in Jembrana Bali

1. Perancak Beach


First of the list in Perancak Beach. Local people in Jembrana usually use this beach to held Sampan Dayung Competition. This traditional competition is usually done as a series of Indonesian Anniversary. In Perancak Beach, there is also a place for the preservation sea turtles called “Kurma Asih”, because the climate of the beach is suitable for the turtle. From various sources, there were local and foreign tourist who visit Perancak Beach reached almost 2.684 people per year. 
Perancak Beach
Source : deha-mind.com

2. Rambut Siwi Beach


Rambut Siwi Beach located in Yehembang Village, Mendoyo District is one of the famous places in Jembrana. In this beach, there is a holy temple called Rambut Siwi Temple. People who usually come for praying in there will automatically see the beautifulness of Rambut Siwi Beach. According to the local sources, there are 3.108 visitors came per year.


3. Palasari Dam


The next beautiful destination in Jembrana is Palasari Dam. Palasari Dam located in Palasari, Ekasari Village, Melaya District. This nature destination has become a beautiful place with large forest as the background. The atmosphere is really cool and shady. Noted there are about 3.467 visitors who come to this place annually.


4. Medewi Beach


Medewi Beach located in Medewi Village, Pekutatan District. It is about 72 kilometers from Denpasar. Medewi Beach is the right place for you who like surfing because of the long wave. You can also enjoy the beautiful sunset scene, so, after surfing you can relax your body while watching the sunset with your family or your beloved one.

5. Prehistoric Museum


Prehistoric Museum in Gilimanuk, Jembrana, Bali is a tourism object that you have to visit because of the uniqueness. Local people in there are also very kind to the visitor. In there you will see many ancient relics from prehistoric times and human skeleton. Visiting this museum could be refreshing and educating in the same time. This prehistoric museum also very suitable for educating children. Not just that, this is also a favorite place for researchers to dig up the information about life in the past. There are many collections from prehistoric era (perundagian) in 600 era until 800 era, such as jewelry made from stone, jar, bronze, jug, bowl, trowel, sarcophagus, and many more.
See Also : The Interesting Tourism Object in East Side of Bali

6. Gumbrih Water Park


Gumbrih Water Park located in Gumbrih Village, Pekutatan, Jembrana Regency, Bali. This is an interesting tourism object due to the combination of the beautiful Pangyangan River with green coconut along the river. The visitor can enjoy the river by “jukung” (it is a small bamboo boat) powered by machine that is driven by a professional local people. The distance is about two kilometers away with a stop point at the bridge which is the border of Pangyang and Gumbrih. While enjoying the beautiful scene, you can also see a variety of wildlife such as Kokoan Bird and Lizard. That unique things make this place become a spot of photography. Not just the river, you will find rice fields aside the road and bamboo forest. For you who like fishing, you can catch red snapper, shrimp and crab with your bare hand. You can also see the glimpse of the fish that swim near the surface of the water. 


7. Recreational Park Tirta Samudra Dlod Brawah


The development of Jembrana is mostly the beach. Therefore, the beach in Bumi Mekepung started to be managed and styled. One of the recreational park that already running and finished to the first stage is Tirta Samudra Dlod Brawah. It features a sea-water pool and claimed as the first sea-water pool in public places. The sea-water pool located aside the Dlod Brawah Beach, consist of an adult pool and a children pool which is a new alternative to visit. The pool facilities include place to rinse and take shower after playing in the sea-water pool.

8. West Bali National Park


West Bali National Park as a natural preservation area, can be utilized for education, research, recreation and support cultivation. The typical of the West Bali National Park is you can see Jalak Bali (Leucopsar rothschildi) that can live wildly on in West Bali National Park. Administratively, West Bali National Park located in Jembrana and Buleleng of Bali. 

Flora
Some types of vegetation is dominated by plants of the mangrove forest, it is Mangrove (Rhizophora SP). Savanna vegetation dominated by Borassus flaberier, rainforest, jungle season which is dominated by Acasia Leucophloea.

Fauna
Some of the wild animals that can be observed in West Bali National Park are Jalak Bali (Leucospar rothschildi), Bull (Bos javanicus), Deer (Muntiacus muntjak), Mouse Deer (Tragulus javanicus), Jungle Cat (Felis bengalensis), Grey Ape (Macaca fascicularis), Black Ape (Presbytis criscata), White Starling (Stunus melanopterus), Terucuk (Pycnonotus goiavier), Kepodang (Oriolus chinensis), Shrimp (Halcyon chloris).

9. Bunut Bolong


Bunut Bolong located in Manggisari Village, Pekutatan, Jembrana. It is about 49 kilometers to the east from Negara Regency and about 86 kilometers from Denpasar City. Bunut Bolong is a big Bunut tree that grow above the highway. Bolong means a hole, so if you pass the highway you will see a big tree above you and you pass it through the hole. The interesting thing is along the highway, you will see many clove trees. There is also a temple called Bujangga Sakti for local Hindu people to pray.

10. Baluk Rening Beach


Baluk Rening Beach located in Baluk Village, Negara, Jembrana Regency. Visitors mostly come to this beach when weekend. Not only a tourism object, local people also believe that if you soak your body and burying your body in the sand, it can heal some diseases such as rheumatism. The wave in this beach is calm, so it is the best place for you to relax your body, let your children play without any worries, and enjoy the beautiful scene of Jembrana.

Well, if you come to Bali, at least you have to travel around Bali. Jembrana is a quite and not too crowded regency. For you who want to escape from the hustle of the city, you can definitely visit Jembrana.

Tuesday, March 7, 2017

The Water Palace in Bali, Taman Ujung Karangasem

Taman Ujung Karangasem or well known as Taman Ujung Sukasada is a tourism object in the East side of Bali which is quite popular to foreigner and also domestic visitors. When holiday season, there are many visitors come there to spend their time with family. This place is quite similar with Taman Ayun Bali in Mengwi. 
Source : rentalbali.net
Taman Ujung located in the edge of Karangasem Regency, near by the beach. Instead of recreation place, Taman Ujung is also a place to do photography for wedding. Many photographers and also couples choose this place to do their prewedding shoot because the place is really beautiful. We also recommend you that thing.Taman Ujung is also a historical place, because this place was built by the King of Karangasem when Bali still headed by King in each area. 

What you can find in Taman Ujung Karangasem?


Taman Ujung Karangasem located di Tumbu Village, Karangasem Regency. The purpose of this place when the first time is a place for Kings to take a rest. At Dutch East Indies era, this place named Water Paleis which is mean “The Water Palace”. Why? Because most of this place is a beautiful park with wonderful water pond.
Source : ranselwisata.com
There are 3 big ponds. 1 pond is in the west side and the other 2 ponds are in the north side. In the west side, there is a building in the middle of the pond called “Bale Bengong”. This building does not have wall, only concrete pillars to hold the roof of the building. In the past, the function of the building is to greet the honor guest at the Karangasem kingdom. Pond in the north side are bigger. In the middle of the pond, there is a bridge to cross the pond. In the edge of the bridge, there is a building for king to take a rest. The local people called this building as “Istana Gantung” because it looks like hang.

The Beautiful Architecture of Taman Ujung Karangasem


Taman Ujung built as the order of the king of Karangasem, I Gusti Bagus Jelantik, in 1909. The architects at that time were a Dutchman named van Den Hentz and a Chinese named Loto Ang. This project also involved Undagi (Balinese architect) so the architecture of Taman Ujung is a combination of European and Bali. The construction was completed in 1921. The most visible European architecture can be seen from the colorful glass ornaments and these are found in the room of the King, in the building wall. That colorful glass looks similar with the decoration in the church. 

Architecture in Taman Ujung is not as new as when it first made. It is because some damage from natural disaster. The worst damage happened in 1963 when Mount Agung, the highest mount in Bali, erupted. And then, in 2000 the government and Puri Karangasem fixed Taman Ujung without compromising the beauty of the place.


The Route to the Taman Ujung


If you want to visit Taman Ujung from Denpasar, it will take about one and half hour, 65 kilometers. You will go through Prof. Ida Bagus Mantra and passed the Goa Gajah Temple. If you come from North Bali, especially Lovina Beach, it will take about three hours to get to the Taman Ujung.